4th Edition Modified Elements
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P21. Drug Test


Definition:

Indication of the presence of drug test, type, and result. Excludes drugs administered post-crash. See Drug Test Result (PL3) to document drug name.
Element Attributes:

Subfield 1: Test Status

Test Not Given
Test Refused
Test Given
Unknown if Tested
Subfield 2: Type of Test

Blood
Urine
Other
Subfield 3 - Drug Test Result:

Positive
Negative
Unknown


Rationale:

Identifying drug-related crashes help develop and evaluate programs directed at reducing their involvement. Whenever evidence of other drug use is available, it should be captured.